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Analytical Functions in oracle explained with real examples
 
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This video explains analytical functions and how they are implemented in real projects. Analytical functions are somewhat similar to aggregate functions,but they offer much more. Why use analytical function ? They allow you to write fast and concise queries which otherwise will involve self join and long processing times They allow you to perform aggregate functions independently on sets of partitions. You can access values from previous rows in current row and you can restrict the window on which you want to apply this analytical function. I have given additional practice exercises along with the dataset so that you can comfortably work with analytical functions. You can find the sample problems along with dataset in the below link. http://www.internshipsfromhome.com/oracle-analytical-functions-ddl-and-dml/
Views: 27239 Tech Coach
SQL: Group By,  Having, Min, Max Sum
 
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Learn to summarize yoru data using the SQL Aggregates such as count and sum and the GROUP BY and HAVING clauses of the SELECT statement
Views: 158774 Michael Fudge
Over clause in SQL Server
 
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over partition by in sql server 2008 sql server over clause partition partition by clause in sql server 2008 over partition by clause in sql In this video we will discuss the power and use of Over clause in SQL Server. The OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY is used to break up data into partitions. Syntax : function (...) OVER (PARTITION BY col1, Col2, ...) The specified function operates for each partition. For example : COUNT(Gender) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender) will partition the data by GENDER i.e there will 2 partitions (Male and Female) and then the COUNT() function is applied over each partition. Any of the following functions can be used. Please note this is not the complete list. COUNT(), AVG(), SUM(), MIN(), MAX(), ROW_NUMBER(), RANK(), DENSE_RANK() etc. Example : SQl Script to create Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 4500) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 3500) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 6500) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 5000) Go Write a query to retrieve total count of employees by Gender. Also in the result we want Average, Minimum and Maximum salary by Gender. This can be very easily achieved using a simple GROUP BY query as show below. SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender What if we want non-aggregated values (like employee Name and Salary) in result set along with aggregated values You cannot include non-aggregated columns in the GROUP BY query. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender The above query will result in the following error : Column 'Employees.Name' is invalid in the select list because it is not contained in either an aggregate function or the GROUP BY clause One way to achieve this is by including the aggregations in a subquery and then JOINING it with the main query as shown in the example below. Look at the amount of T-SQL code we have to write. SELECT Name, Salary, Employees.Gender, Genders.GenderTotals, Genders.AvgSal, Genders.MinSal, Genders.MaxSal FROM Employees INNER JOIN (SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender) AS Genders ON Genders.Gender = Employees.Gender Better way of doing this is by using the OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(Gender) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MaxSal FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server_29.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 95453 kudvenkat
T-SQL: Over() and Partition By
 
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Show how to use OVER and PARTITION BY to get groups of data with aggregation.
Views: 10137 MidnightDBA
Oracle Partition By clause, Oracle Analytic Functions tutorial
 
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Oracle Analytic Functions and Over By Partition clause enable calculating cumulative and moving aggregates returning multiple rows for each group
ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic
 
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ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic FIRST_VALUE last_VALUE row_number() --FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE Analytic Functions select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , min(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , FIRST_VALUE(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , max(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , last_VALUE(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees order by HIRE_DATE drop table student_exam_result; CREATE TABLE student_exam_result (student_id number, exame_name varchar2(100), exame_try number, exame_results number ); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',2,66); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',3,20); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',1,66); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',2,null); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',3,7); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',2,98); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',3,null); select * from student_exam_result select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade, max(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) max_grade, avg(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) avg_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try ------------------------ select employee_id,first_name ,row_number() over(order by employee_id ) from employees select employee_id,first_name ,rownum from employees select employee_id,first_name ,department_id, row_number() over(partition by department_id order by employee_id ) from employees
Views: 791 khaled alkhudari
Oracle LISTAGG Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-listagg/ The Oracle LISTAGG function allows you to aggregate or combine string values from multiple rows into a single row. For example, it turns this data: FIRST_NAME Adam Brad Carrie Into this data: FIRST_NAME Adam, Brad, Carrie The same data is shown, but it’s in one row and not multiple. It’s a valuable string manipulation function, and once you know what it is and how it works, you’ll be able to use it in your queries as needed. So what does it look like? The function is: LISTAGG ( measure_expr [, delimiter]) WITHIN GROUP (order_by_clause) [OVER query_partition_clause] These parameters are: measure_expr: This is a column or expression that you want to concatenate the values of. In the example above, it was the first_name column. Mandatory. delimiter: This is the character between each of the measure_expr values. Optional, the default is a comma. order_by_clause: This is the order that the values from the measure_expr are listed. Mandatory. query_partition_clause: This allows you to use LISTAGG as an analytic function, allowing you to show LISTAGG in groups for different rows. One thing to be aware of is that the output of the Oracle LISTAGG function is limited to 4,000 bytes. If you get more than this, you’ll receive an error. The most common way around this that I’ve seen is to write a custom function and use a CLOB. Watch the video to find out more and see some examples. For more information about the Oracle LISTAGG function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-listagg/
Views: 3354 Database Star
Advanced SQL Queries in Oracle and SQL Server - What is PARTITION BY?
 
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This video clip, on the PARTITION BY Clause used with analytic functions, is taken from my www.pluralsight.com course "Advanced SQL Queries in Oracle and SQL Server". Click here to learn more about this course: http://www.pluralsight.com/courses/adv-sql-queries-oracle-sql-server?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=video&utm_campaign=authordemo.
Views: 5502 sheepsqueezersYT
SQL TOP, RANK, DENSE_RANK, ROW_NUMBER Functions
 
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Jamie King of Neumont University demonstrating various SQL ranking functions.
Views: 23990 Jamie King
Top-N Queries Against an Oracle Database
 
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A demonstration of how to perform Top-N queries against an Oracle Database, including the new row limiting clause in Oracle Database 12c. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/top-n-queries https://oracle-base.com/articles/12c/row-limiting-clause-for-top-n-queries-12cr1 Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Debra Lilley Blog: http://debrasoracle.blogspot.co.uk Twitter: https://twitter.com/debralilley Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 8563 ORACLE-BASE.com
How to return multiple values from a function in oracle pl/sql ? (without using out parameter)
 
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This video demonstrates how a function can return multiple values to the calling environment, but without using multiple out parameters, the video shows an example on how we can create a object, a nested table based on the object and then returning the nested table type from the function.
Views: 22470 Kishan Mashru
Oracle DENSE_RANK Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dense_rank/ The Oracle DENSE_RANK function allows you to calculate a rank of a row in a group of rows. It returns this rank as a NUMBER value. This function can be used as either an analytic or an aggregate function, and the syntax depends on how you use it. As an aggregate function it looks like this: DENSE_RANK ( expr, [expr(n)] ) WITHIN GROUP ( ORDER BY (order_expr [ASC|DESC] [NULLS FIRST|LAST] ) These parameters are: - expr: this is the value to search for in a particular table. You can specify multiple search values, and just separate them by a comma. - order_expr: this is used to order the expr values by, because you get a different results depending on what order you rank the values in. - NULLS FIRST or LAST: this is where you can specify if you want to have NULL values appear at the top of your ranking order or at the bottom. As an analytic function, it looks like this: DENSE_RANK() OVER ( [query_partition_clause] order_by_clause) The parameters are: - query_partition_clause: this is the expression that the ranking is “grouped” by, as analytic functions allow you to group data within rows. - order_by_clause: this is the expression to order your results by to determine a rank. For this function, if two records have the same sort or rank position, they will have the same RANK value. It won’t cause a gap in the rankings, unlike the RANK function which does cause a gap. For more information about the Oracle DENSE_RANK function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dense_rank/
Views: 518 Database Star
OVER clause in Oracle Database
 
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OVER clause in Oracle
Views: 62 Adam Tech
FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE Analytic Functions in Oracle Database
 
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FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE in Oracle Database Oracle FIRST Function Oracle last Function
Views: 163 Adam Tech
Rank and Dense Rank in SQL Server
 
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rank and dense_rank example difference between rank and dense_rank with example rank vs dense_rank in sql server 2008 sql server difference between rank and dense_rank In this video we will discuss Rank and Dense_Rank functions in SQL Server Rank and Dense_Rank functions Introduced in SQL Server 2005 Returns a rank starting at 1 based on the ordering of rows imposed by the ORDER BY clause ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional When the data is partitioned, rank is reset to 1 when the partition changes Difference between Rank and Dense_Rank functions Rank function skips ranking(s) if there is a tie where as Dense_Rank will not. For example : If you have 2 rows at rank 1 and you have 5 rows in total. RANK() returns - 1, 1, 3, 4, 5 DENSE_RANK returns - 1, 1, 2, 3, 4 Syntax : RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions without PARTITION BY clause : In this example, data is not partitioned, so RANK() function provides a consecutive numbering except when there is a tie. Rank 2 is skipped as there are 2 rows at rank 1. The third row gets rank 3. DENSE_RANK() on the other hand will not skip ranks if there is a tie. The first 2 rows get rank 1. Third row gets rank 2. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions with PARTITION BY clause : Notice when the partition changes from Female to Male Rank is reset to 1 SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees Use case for RANK and DENSE_RANK functions : Both these functions can be used to find Nth highest salary. However, which function to use depends on what you want to do when there is a tie. Let me explain with an example. If there are 2 employees with the FIRST highest salary, there are 2 different business cases 1. If your business case is, not to produce any result for the SECOND highest salary, then use RANK function 2. If your business case is to return the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary, then use DENSE_RANK function Since we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Rank() function will not return any rows for the SECOND highest Salary. WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 Though we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Dense_Rank() function returns, the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 You can also use RANK and DENSE_RANK functions to find the Nth highest Salary among Male or Female employee groups. The following query finds the 3rd highest salary amount paid among the Female employees group WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, Gender, DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 3 AND Gender = 'Female' Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server_1.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 84017 kudvenkat
HOW TO IDENTIFY AND DELETE DUPLICATE ROWS USING ROWID AND GROUPBY IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video demonstrates examples on how to find and delete duplicate records from a table. The video gives simple and easy to understand examples on finding duplicate records from a table using group by and having clause and row_number function. It also shows the ways in which duplicates can be deleted very efficiently using the rowid of that record. You can get the code from our website http://oracleplsqlblog.com/FullBlog/FullBlog/21
Views: 11856 Kishan Mashru
How to find nth Max salary in a table
 
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This video is useful to find the nth max salary from a table. It shows all the different ways and possibilities to find the nth max salary from a table, using a rownum sub query and the later on using a dense rank function.
Views: 13880 Kishan Mashru
Part 5: Partition creation, ASM RPM installation & ASM DISK creation & grid software Installation
 
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Real Application Clusters Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) is a database clustering solution that allows more than one instance to mount and open an Oracle database. RAC can only be used on special clustered systems with shared disk storage and a private network interconnect. A normal Oracle installation consists of a single Oracle instance that accesses a database on the same computer system. In contrast, RAC allows multiple instances on different computer systems (nodes in a cluster) to access the same database files simultaneously. Communication between instances is managed by the Distributed Lock Manager (DLM). To address the possibility of two or more instances attempting to modify the same information simultaneously, Oracle uses up to ten additional background processes, named LCK0 through LCK9, to lock the resources in use by these instances. RAC is available with Oracle Enterprise Edition, and under certain conditions, with Standard Edition as well. These restrictions (for Standard Edition) include: • Must use Oracle Clusterware (no third-party clusterware allowed); • Must use ASM to store database files; and • Can only use a max of 4 CPU sockets in the cluster (either 2 nodes with 2 CPUs each, or 4 nodes with 1 CPU each). • RAC was previously called Oracle Parallel Server (OPS). Oracle re-branded OPS as RAC when they released Oracle 9i. Benefits Running Oracle in RAC mode can benefit you in the following ways: • High availability - If some nodes fail, the remainder of the nodes will still be available for processing requests. Failover support is available from Oracle 8 with Oracle's Transparent Application Failover (TAF) technology and from Oracle 10g, server side load balancing. • Speedup (increased transaction response time) - RAC normally adds some overhead. However, for some DSS applications one can achieve increased performance by running operations in parallel (mainly for DSS applications). • Scale-up (increased transaction volume) - RAC can be used to provide increased application scalability (mainly used for OLTP applications).
Views: 788 Md Arshad
Part 1   How to find nth highest salary in sql
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-1-how-to-find-nth-highest-salary_17.html This is a very common SQL Server Interview Question. There are several ways of finding the nth highest salary. By the end of this video, we will be able to answer all the following questions as well. How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a Sub-Query How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a CTE How to find the 2nd, 3rd or 15th highest salary Let's use the following Employees table for this demo Use the following script to create Employees table Create table Employees ( ID int primary key identity, FirstName nvarchar(50), LastName nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary int ) GO Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', 'Pound', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Philip', 'Hastings', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values ('Valarie', 'Vikings', 'Female', 35000) Insert into Employees values ('John', 'Stanmore', 'Male', 80000) GO To find the highest salary it is straight forward. We can simply use the Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees To get the second highest salary use a sub query along with Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees where Salary [ (Select Max(Salary) from Employees) To find nth highest salary using Sub-Query SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM ( SELECT DISTINCT TOP N SALARY FROM EMPLOYEES ORDER BY SALARY DESC ) RESULT ORDER BY SALARY To find nth highest salary using CTE WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS DENSERANK FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE DENSERANK = N To find 2nd highest salary we can use any of the above queries. Simple replace N with 2. Similarly, to find 3rd highest salary, simple replace N with 3. Please Note: On many of the websites, you may have seen that, the following query can be used to get the nth highest salary. The below query will only work if there are no duplicates. WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS ROWNUMBER FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE ROWNUMBER = 3
Views: 1000615 kudvenkat
SQL query to find first record and last record in single query
 
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SQL query to find first record and last record in single query
Views: 11391 SQL Guru
SQL:Max/Min Functions
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use max min functions in sql queries. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4822 radhikaravikumar
Automatic List partitioning
 
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Oracle 12c New Feature - Automatic List partitioning
Views: 217 Siva Academy
analytical functions in oracle explained with real examples - Rank vs dense rank in Oracle
 
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Rank and dense_rank are used as analytical functions in oracle for determining the rank depending upon some column values. These analytical functions in Oracle are explained with real examples in this video. #LearnSQL #BasicSQL #Crazy4DB #MunshiSir #OracleSQL Nth Highest Query : https://youtu.be/egxv5e_YRgU Relational Algebra : https://youtu.be/wNaX1a5Kc48 Rollup and Cube : https://youtu.be/bXbaqas8AFQ Normalization tutorial : https://youtu.be/Y0mX6cy2r5U Complete SQL course : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLdNnjIwbbBta7tveno_un-C7VVFY-F24Z My web site : http://www.oracletrainingnagpur.com My blog : https://crazy4db.blogspot.in My facebook page : https://www.facebook.com/crazy4db/
Views: 136 Crazy4 DB
Leaner, Faster Code with Advanced SQL Techniques
 
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Connor Mcdonald, Developer Advocate for SQL, Oracle Most SQL is so simple to write that we can hand off the job to an ORM tool or a similar mechanism. But by delving a little deeper into more-advanced SQL facilities, we can get performance benefits and write a lot less middle-tier code. This session highlights some SQL techniques for solving problems that would otherwise require a lot of complex coding. Learn how to become a more productive developer by expanding your knowledge of the SQL language.
Views: 8113 Oracle Developers
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions
 
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For the best book on T-SQL click here: https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0735685045/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1634&creative=6738&creativeASIN=0735685045&linkCode=as2&tag=beardeddev-21&linkId=2e450454659d4279f54dd188d24bc011 Another fantastic SQL Tutorial brought to you by BeardedDev. In this video we begin to explore Window Functions and their purpose within SQL Server. Window Functions are used for performing data analysis calculations and address an important need compared to the GROUP BY clause that we are able to return the underlying data in the same query. This video shows an example of the differences between the GROUP BY clause and Window Functions. Window Functions were first introduced in SQL Server 2005 but further enhancements and support was added in SQL Server 2012. We look at the OVER clause and PARTITION BY. Window Functions can only be included within SELECT or ORDER BY clauses. Functions Available: Aggregate - COUNT, SUM, MIN, MAX, AVG Offset - FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE, LEAD, LAG Statistical - PERCENT_RANK, CUME_DIST, PERCENTILE_CONT, PERCENTILE_DIST Windows Functions also have FRAMES ROWS RANGE Window Functions are a powerful tool within SQL Server and I am excited to bring more videos and tutorials working with Window Functions in the future. Code: WITH CTE AS ( SELECT Sales_Id , SUM(Line_Total) AS Total FROM Sales_Details GROUP BY Sales_Id ) SELECT * FROM CTE AS A INNER JOIN Sales_Details AS B ON A.Sales_Id = B.Sales_Id SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Item , Price , Quantity , Line_Total , COUNT(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Line_Count , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Sales_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Date) AS Daily_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER() AS Total FROM Sales_Details ORDER BY Sales_Total
Views: 14704 BeardedDev
Window functions in SQL Server
 
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sql server window function example window function sql server example sql server rows range clause sql server rows between 1 preceding and 1 following In this video we will discuss window functions in SQL Server In SQL Server we have different categories of window functions Aggregate functions - AVG, SUM, COUNT, MIN, MAX etc.. Ranking functions - RANK, DENSE_RANK, ROW_NUMBER etc.. Analytic functions - LEAD, LAG, FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE etc... OVER Clause defines the partitioning and ordering of a rows (i.e a window) for the above functions to operate on. Hence these functions are called window functions. The OVER clause accepts the following three arguments to define a window for these functions to operate on. ORDER BY : Defines the logical order of the rows PARTITION BY : Divides the query result set into partitions. The window function is applied to each partition separately. ROWSor RANGE clause : Further limits the rows within the partition by specifying start and end points within the partition. The default for ROWS or RANGE clause is RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW Let us understand the use of ROWS or RANGE clause with an example. Compute average salary and display it against every employee We might think the following query would do the job. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary) AS Average FROM Employees As you can see from the result, the above query does not produce the overall salary average. It produces the average of the current row and the rows preceeding the current row. This is because, the default value of ROWS or RANGE clause (RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) is applied. To fix this, provide an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause as shown below. ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING tells the window function to operate on the set of rows starting from the first row in the partition to the last row in the partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS Average FROM Employees The same result can also be achieved by using RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING Well, what is the difference between ROWS and RANGE We will discuss this in a later video The following query can be used if you want to compute the average salary of 1. The current row 2. One row PRECEDING the current row and 3. One row FOLLOWING the current row SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN 1 PRECEDING AND 1 FOLLOWING) AS Average FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/window-functions-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/window-functions-in-sql-server_7.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 65709 kudvenkat
SQL: Rank & Dense_rank functions
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between rank() and dense_rank() functions..
Views: 28944 radhikaravikumar
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions - Calculate Running Totals, Averages
 
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For the best book on T-SQL click here: https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0735685045/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1634&creative=6738&creativeASIN=0735685045&linkCode=as2&tag=beardeddev-21&linkId=2e450454659d4279f54dd188d24bc011 Another fantastic SQL Tutorial brought to you by BeardedDev. If you are new to working with Window Functions check out this video: https://youtu.be/H6OTMoXjNiM In this video we learn how to use Window Functions to calculate running totals and running averages. This video teaches about Window Frames: Rows Range Preceding Current Row Following Window Frames are a filtered portion of a partition. Window Functions were first introduced in SQL Server 2005 but further enhancements and support was added in SQL Server 2012. Window Functions can only be included within SELECT or ORDER BY clauses. Functions Available: Aggregate - COUNT, SUM, MIN, MAX, AVG Ranking - ROW_NUMBER, RANK, DENSE_RANK, NTILE Offset - FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE, LEAD, LAG Statistical - PERCENT_RANK, CUME_DIST, PERCENTILE_CONT, PERCENTILE_DIST Windows Functions also have FRAMES ROWS RANGE Window Functions are a powerful tool within SQL Server and I am excited to bring more videos and tutorials working with Window Functions in the future. SQL: SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS BETWEEN 1 PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS BETWEEN 2 PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS UNBOUNDED PRECEDING) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS UNBOUNDED PRECEDING) AS [Running Total] , CAST(AVG(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS UNBOUNDED PRECEDING) AS DECIMAL(8, 2)) AS [Running Average] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date
Views: 4478 BeardedDev
how to get highest salary in each department
 
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highest salary in each department oracle highest salary in each department sql highest salary in each department db2 How to select highest salary from each department how to get highest salary in each department sql server interview questions answers
Views: 4874 DotNet Techy
HAVING clause and difference with GROUP BY & WHERE clause in SQL statement
 
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Using HAVING clause and difference with GROUP BY & WHERE clause in SQL statement Link for scripts on my blog: https://sqlwithmanoj.com/2015/05/23/sql-basics-difference-between-where-group-by-and-having-clause/ Check the whole "SQL Server Basics" series here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLU9JMEzjCv14f3cWDhubPaddxRvx1reKR Check my SQL blog at: http://sqlwithmanoj.com/ Check my SQL FB Page at: https://www.facebook.com/sqlwithmanoj
Views: 74855 SQL with Manoj
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using the COUNT and SUM Functions
 
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In this video I use the COUNT and SUM functions available to the SQL language. I used the COUNT function to add up the number of records in my query. This function works well with all data types and will just count the number or records that result from the conditions of your query. The SUM function will add up the numeric values and produce a total amount of a column. When using a function be sure to use parenthesis around the column you are performing the function on. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 8112 Lecture Snippets
Oracle Analytical functions Sum , Lead , Lag and Avg
 
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This video tutorial explains Oracle Analytical functions further continuing from my previous video. We demonstrate practical usage of these functions with examples. For Software used in the video refer : www.querylight.in
Views: 3086 Query Light
Query to Select top three Max Salary from Table
 
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In this query i'm going to demonstrate you how to find top three salaries in ORACLE 11g step by step.
Views: 4483 OCP Technology
Row Number Vs Rank Vs Dense Rank
 
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This video shows the difference between row_number, rank and dense_rank analytical functions in oracle database with appropriate easy to understand examples, along with it the video demonstrates the different output obtained when using either of the three functions. Apart from simple explanation of the function we also show how partition by and order by clause can be used with the functions for tacking day to day scenarios. If you want more such videos of exciting and amazing 'difference between' concepts, check out the links below : union and union all : https://youtu.be/n9FqQOd8liY char and varchar2 : https://youtu.be/039qzwjWf4k replace and translate : https://youtu.be/HKYF77BGzOE procedure and function : https://youtu.be/q3LmOenL120 in and exists : https://youtu.be/REX4IjRYlFw delete and truncate : https://youtu.be/u76wMm2byXo %type and %rowtype : https://youtu.be/MlLUFeZ_3eM
Views: 2934 Kishan Mashru
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions - Lag and Lead
 
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Another video brought to you by BeardedDev, bringing you tutorials on Business Intelligence, SQL Programming and Data Analysis. In this video I talk about using Lag and Lead in Windows Functions. This video covers the requirements to pass the exam: If you would like to follow along with the tutorial please run the SQL below: IF OBJECT_ID(N'dbo.Sales', N'U') IS NOT NULL DROP TABLE dbo.Sales; GO CREATE TABLE dbo.Sales ( Sales_Id INT NOT NULL IDENTITY(1, 1) CONSTRAINT PK_Sales_Sales_Id PRIMARY KEY , Sales_Customer_Id INT NOT NULL , Sales_Date DATETIME2 NOT NULL , Sales_Amount DECIMAL (16, 2) NOT NULL ) INSERT INTO dbo.Sales (Sales_Customer_Id, Sales_Date, Sales_Amount) VALUES (1, '20180102', 54.99) , (1, '20180103', 72.99) , (1, '20180104', 34.99) , (1, '20180115', 29.99) , (1, '20180121', 67.00) Lag and Lead are useful for performing trend analysis, in the example I show how we can display a customer spending trend. Lag will show the previous value. Lead will show the next value. Lag and Lead accept multiple parameters as demonstrated in the video: LAG([Column], [Offset], [Value if NULL]) The example of LAG and LEAD in the video can be shown by executing the below SQL query: SELECT Sales_Customer_Id , Sales_Date , LAG(Sales_Amount, 2, 0) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Customer_Id ORDER BY Sales_Date) AS PrevValue , Sales_Amount , LEAD(Sales_Amount, 2, 0) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Customer_Id ORDER BY Sales_Date) AS NextValue FROM dbo.Sales Please feel free to post comments.
Views: 2908 BeardedDev
Lec-55: SQL Aggregate Functions - SUM, AVG(n), COUNT, MIN, MAX Functions | DBMS
 
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Lecture By: Mr. Varun Singla Facebook page link : https://www.facebook.com/gatesmashers/
Views: 43647 Gate Smashers
SQL Ranking Functions: Part 1 The Over Clause
 
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Overview of the SQL Ranking functions, focusing on the OVER clause, which must have an ORDER BY part, and might also have a PARTITION BY part.
Views: 596 Database by Doug
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using GROUP BY to Group Results of a Query
 
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In this video I use the GROUP BY clause to organize the results of a function by groups or categories. If you are looking to run a function on a column and have those results grouped together then you will need to use the GROUP BY clause to run the query. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 5792 Lecture Snippets
Learn Oracle SQL : The Hierarchical Query Clause
 
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http://bit.ly/oracle-sql-course | Get the complete course today. Learn Oracle SQL : The Hierarchical Query Clause: In this video, I show you how to use the Hierarchical Query Clause in Oracle SQL to build a basic hierarchical query. This is an excerpt of the course "The Ultimate Oracle SQL Course" which you can get at a heavily discounted price here: http://bit.ly/oracle-sql-course ================ You can find additional Oracle SQL related articles and educational content in my blog here: http://standout-dev.com/
Views: 10136 Oracle SQL
Oracle Tutorial - Date Functions NEXT_DAY | LAST_DAY
 
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Oracle Tutorials - Date Functions NEXT_DAY( ) | LAST_DAY( )
Views: 232 Tech Acad
SQL ROW NUMBER Functions | Row Number in SQL Server
 
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Video talks about Ranking functions in SQL server Row Number in SQL Server SQL Server Rank Rank in SQL server The Row_Number function This function works by assigning continuous ranking to the records, without skipping any number in the result set, whether it is partitioned or no Order_By : Order by clause in sql , This clause decides how the ranking or numbering of the data starts. Partition_By : Partition by clause in sql, This clause basically provides the grouping functionality on the result set data. Please check my channel for more videos .. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgWvQ6cBxZwABl_hL48ayXg Also part of SQL server Training Videos SQL tutorials
Views: 1340 Training2SQL MSBI
Calculate running total in SQL Server 2012
 
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running total sql server cumulative total in ms sql server running total column In this video we will discuss how to calculate running total in SQL Server 2012 and later versions. We will use the following Employees table for the examples in this video. SQL Script to create Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 4500) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 3500) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 6500) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 5000) Go SQL Query to compute running total without partitions SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, SUM(Salary) OVER (ORDER BY ID) AS RunningTotal FROM Employees SQL Query to compute running total with partitions SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, SUM(Salary) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY ID) AS RunningTotal FROM Employees What happens if I use order by on Salary column If you have duplicate values in the Salary column, all the duplicate values will be added to the running total at once. In the example below notice that we have 5000 repeated 3 times. So 15000 (i.e 5000 + 5000 + 5000) is added to the running total at once. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, SUM(Salary) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS RunningTotal FROM Employees So when computing running total, it is better to use a column that has unique data in the ORDER BY clause. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/calculate-running-total-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/calculate-running-total-in-sql-server_3.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 60217 kudvenkat
ORACLE SQL INTERVIEW QUESTION : HOW TO SELECT ODD OR EVEN ROWS FROM A TABLE IN ORACLE
 
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This video tutorial answers the frequently asked interview question, how to select only odd or even records in oracle sql, after watching this video you will understand more on the topic and will be able to answer this interview question with a lot of confidence.
Views: 4929 Kishan Mashru
Rows Unbounded Preceding, Following in SQL Server
 
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Click here to Subscribe to IT PORT Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMjmoppveJ3mwspLKXYbVlg From SQL Server 2012, This feature enabled to OVER BY Windowing Functions The ROWS limits the rows within a partition by specifying a fixed number of rows preceding or following the current row. Preceding and following rows are defined based on the ordering in the ORDER BY clause ROWS BETWEEN 1 PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW – Aggregates 2 Between Last Row and Current Row ROWS BETWEEN CURRENT ROW AND 1 FOLLOWING – Aggregates 2 Current Row and Next Row ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW – Aggregates all Rows before Current Row with Current Row ROWS BETWEEN CURRENT ROW AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING – Aggregates all the Rows After Current Row With Current Row ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING – Aggregates all Rows
Views: 1674 IT Port
Lec-47: SQL Queries and Subqueries (part-1) | Database Management System
 
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Please Like, Subscribe the channel and give your valuable feedback. Need your Support.. Lecture By: Mr. Varun Singla Facebook page link : https://www.facebook.com/gatesmashers/ #Subqueries#SqlDBMS#freeEducationGATE
Views: 176440 Gate Smashers
Oracle  Aggregate functions
 
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Aggregate Funtion: MACSMVS max,avg,count,sum,min, variance, stddev
Views: 1033 Jide James
oracle set operator union unionall intersect minus
 
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Description: Oracle Interview Question - oracle set operator, union, unionall, intersect, minus List of all the SQL and PLSQL interview questions @ https://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.com/p/oracle-sql-plsql-interview-questions.html
Views: 876 Siva Academy
Oracle Database11g tutorials 11: SQL case manipulation function in Oracle Database
 
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Part 2 SQL functions- character function -case manipulation functions Previous Video Link :: http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As discuss in last video we have 3 case manipulation functions. In case you miss the SQL functions intro video you can find the link in the description below. First let's see what these functions are. Upper (): This function takes a parameter converts it into uppercase and returns the new string. Initcap (): this function also takes parameter and converts the initial letter of or parameter into uppercase and returns the new string. Lower (): This function takes a parameter converts it into lowercase and returns the new string. Ok let's do some practical For this practical we will be using 2 tables First is dual table Which is a dummy table provided by oracle? And I have created another table again by the name of example. This will be our second table. Let's start with SQL function upper ( ); SELECT upper('hello world') FROM dual; As you can see I have used "hello world" completely in lowercase as parameter to SQL upper function. Execute it. Here, our result has given us a completely new hello world string which is in uppercase. Similarly you can also use SQL upper function to perform other DML Let's try This time we will work on our second table EXAMPLE; insert into example values (upper('manish')); first parentheses for values and second for SQL function upper. Let's check the result. As you can see here inserted value is in upper case. Lets compare it with simple insert query Insert into example values ('manish'); Execute it, i think now it's clear that when we perform simple insert DML the inserted value will be the same you provide. Similarly let's try SQL function initcap(); SELECT initcap('hello world') FROM dual; As you see here in result the initial letters of string hello world are in uppercase. Let's do the insert query insert into example values (initcap('hello world')); initial letters of string also are in uppercase. Let's try SQL function lower(); This time we have to write our hello world in all caps. SELECT lower('HELLO WORLD') FROM dual; Execute String totally in lower case. Similarly you can user SQL function lower in other DML like insert and all.
Views: 89514 Manish Sharma
12 of 15 SQL Basics with Oracle - Aggregate (grouping) functions and the GROUP BY clause
 
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This video explains the GROUP BY clause and some of the aggregate functions: sum, count, average, maximum, minimum, count(distinct ...), etc. An example of using an aggregate function would be to group students by major and only show the number of students in each major, not individual student information. (12 of 15) There is also an "Advanced SQL" series. (Search for "databasemec" for tutorials using SQL Server.)
Views: 5639 Jennifer Kreie
Oracle Database 12c: Easy Top N and Pagination Queries
 
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Pagination queries using the row limiting clause to fetch N rows or a percentage of rows in a table. For more information, see [Limiting SQL Rows](http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=DWHSG9188), [row_limiting_clause](http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=SQLRF55636).
Views: 3679 OracleDBVision