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Putin hails Moscow actions in Black Sea peninsula in 2014
 
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Russian President Vladimir Putin has hailed his country’s actions in the Black Sea peninsula of Crimea in 2014. Putin says Russia’s decisive and timely actions were meant to prevent a conflict in Crimea similar to the one that followed later in eastern Ukraine. Crimea rejoined the Russian federation after breaking away from Ukraine last year. An overwhelming majority of Crimeans voted in a March 16 referendum in support of the move. But this angered both Ukraine and its Western allies especially NATO, which has ever since increased its military presence in the region. Meanwhile, Russia has reportedly started military exercises in Crimea and Georgia's breakaway regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The drills are a tit-for-tat move after the military alliance recently launched yet another naval drill in Eastern Europe. Live @ http://www.presstv.ir/live.html Twitter @ http://twitter.com/PressTV LiveLeak @ http://www.liveleak.com/c/PressTV Facebook @ http://www.facebook.com/PRESSTV Google+ @ http://plus.google.com/+VideosPTV Instagram @ http://instagram.com/presstvchannel
Views: 1092 PressTV
USS Caron getting rammed by the Russians in the Black Sea - Feb 1988
 
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In February 1988, Caron operating with Yorktown, entered Soviet 7 miles ) territorial waters limit in the Black Sea off the Crimean Peninsula. Under international law, this act could be permissible if the ship was progressing from one point in international waters to another point in international waters via the shortest course possible, but according to the Soviet Union, it was the right of the USSR to authorize or prohibit travel in selected areas within the 12 mile limit. The United States however did not recognize the Soviet's claim in this case. To prevent it from becoming accepted precedent, the US Navy claimed that it had sailed warships through such areas at regular intervals in the past, which we had, not just two years prior. On this occasion, Caron had onboard a ships signal exploitation spaces system, operated by a crew of 18 in support of the U.S. National Security Agency. This system was capable of recording data on Soviet defense radars and communications. In response, the Soviets deployed a destroyer and a Mirka II class light frigate as well as a KGB and "civilian" ships to intercept the U.S. ships. Several times, Soviet vessels obtained radar "lock" on the Caron and Yorktown. Both American ships maintained a constant course and speed throughout the incident. Eventually, the Soviets lightly rammed both ships. No significant damage resulted to any of the ships involved. Both US warships sent an account of the incident to the Commander in Chief of United States Naval Forces in Europe. The Caron reported at 13:20 local time, it was informed on channel 16 VHF by the Bezzavetny: "Soviet ships have orders to prevent violation of territorial waters, extreme measure is to strike your ship with one of ours."[1] The reply of the Caron was "I am engaged in innocent passage consistent with international law."[1] The Yorktown, in its report stated that on 9:56, local time, it was contacted by the Bezzavetny via channel 16 and told to leave Soviet territorial waters or "our ship is going to strike on yours."[1] Then, according to the report, the Bezzavetny came alongside port side of the Yorktown at 10:03 and bumped it by turning into the ship.[1] As for the music, take note that this was shot on VHS and back in 1988, when we did not have Youtube. The only people we thought would see this was friends and family, not a bunch of people from all over the world. No the music is not masking the screams from the crew on the USS Caron, so if you don't like it, there is a volume button - use it Also check out the video from the USS Yorktown at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SME4w037FgA This is the video that the Russian news showed on the 10th Anniversary - All I can say is I can't believe that the Russian people believed and animated version of what happened over the real tape. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_dl_WNdiShs&list=FLq9THf99pIznRTXM7P8JIWw&index=54 Also the video the Russians did on the 25th anniversary - They asked me for an interview and I declined for the very reason I that I knew they would not portray it accurately and they didn't let me down http://www.tvc.ru/showspecrep.aspx?id=e1564dbe-d8e8-4ba2-a142-218db8a6e14c Here is the Russians account of what happened http://fishki.net/19391-stalnye-jajca-sovetskogo-flota-9-foto--3-video.html
Views: 4328227 stealthbiker45
A closer look at the strategic Black Sea Peninsula of Crimea
 
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The strategic Black Sea Peninsula of Crimea.
Views: 108 PressTV
Ukraine’s Black Sea coast the next geopolitical flashpoint
 
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Ukraine’s Black Sea coast the next geopolitical flashpoint - The Kerch Strait incident in November 2018 indicates that the geographic focal point of the Russian-Ukrainian military conflict may be currently shifting from the Donets Basin to the Black and Azov Seas. Four factors in particular make further tensions between Moscow and Kyiv, along the shores of the Crimean peninsula and Ukraine’s southeastern mainland coastline probable. On November 25th 2018 Russia attacked Ukrainian naval vessels at the Kerch Strait, captured three ships and arrested the 24 sailors on board. The maritime clash indicates that the focal point of the Russian-Ukrainian military conflict may gradually shift from the Donets Basin to the Azov Sea in 2019. According to Vitaliy Kravchuk, senior researcher at the Institute of Economic Research and Policy Consulting in Kyiv, “if there are further marine incidents, it could mean the closure of the Azov ports for shipping.” Such a development would have grave economic repercussions not only for the large cities of Mariupol (approximately 455,000 inhabitants) and Berdyansk (approximately 115,000 inhabitants). These two ports have hitherto been handling about five per cent of Ukraine’s foreign trade, mostly in steel, chemicals and agricultural products. Ukraine has only limited or/and decrepit alternative transport infrastructure to redirect trade flows that have until now gone through the Mariupol and Berdyansk seaports. Continuing tensions or, worse, further escalation at the Azov Sea will above all threaten social stability in south-eastern mainland Ukraine. It can also lead to a significant reduction or even curtailment of Ukrainian economic growth in 2019 and beyond. Absent Western material reactions and international organizations In spite of these potentially grave consequences, such a scenario is not unlikely. There are several simultaneous and mutually aggravating catalysts for rising tensions along the Azov and Black Sea coastlines. They include: the reaction of the West vis-à-vis different Russian escalation schemes; the degree of involvement of international organizations in the Azov Sea; the stability and functionality of the Kerch Strait Bridge; and the unresolved issue of ensuring a sustainable fresh water supply to occupied Crimea. A major factor currently enabling escalation in the Azov region is the West’s reaction (or lack thereof) to the recent naval confrontation near the Kerch Strait Bridge. The West, so far, follows what one could call the Crimea Modus (and not the Donbas Modus) of response to rising tension between Moscow and Kyiv. The EU has not reacted materially to the capture of Ukrainian sailors, as it did after the shooting down of MH17 in July 2014. Reminiscent of its behavior in the wake of Russia’s annexation of Crimea in March 2014, the EU has instead responded by sending verbal and symbolic signals to Moscow, and may, if at all, impose some individual sanctions. The West’s largely non-material signaling may encourage the Kremlin to switch Russian military and other anti-Ukrainian activities from the Donbas to the Azov Sea and Ukraine’s south-eastern drylands. To Moscow, the latter may appear as a less risky hybrid war theatre than the Donbas, particularly in an economic sense. While continuing blockade of Ukrainian trade or further military escalation may further raise Western “concern,” apparently, the overall costs of such behavior will remain low, for the Kremlin. A second determinant of continuing or rising tensions around Crimea rather than in the Donets Basin is the involvement of international organizations (or lack thereof) in the two different regions. It is worth remembering that in 2017 Putin suggested an increase of such organizations’ presence in the Donbas. He proposed to add a small, armed UN protection contingent to the relatively large, unarmed OSCE observation mission. To be sure, this proposal did not satisfy Ukraine and the West back then and was thus not implemented. Still, Putin has been far more lenient regarding the presence of international organizations in the Donbas than with regard to the Azov Sea and Crimea. Here, the Kremlin is demonstratively blocking even a minor presence of unarmed OSCE observers, not to mention an armed UN mission. The absence of significant international organizations in the Azov Sea and on the Crimean peninsula makes Russian actions against Ukraine in that region less risky and more likely. Unclear future of the Kerch Strait Bridge and Crimean water supply Subscribe Now : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0IlEuu4TA9wq1u60tLMqBw?sub_confirmation=1 Facebook: https://facebook.com/USMilitaryNewsVideos Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/militaryvideos_ Twitter:
Balaklava crimea
 
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The Crimean Peninsula (Russian: Кры́мский полуо́стров; Ukrainian: Кри́мський піво́стрів; Crimean Tatar: Къырым ярымадасы, Qırım yarımadası), also known simply as Crimea (/kraɪˈmiːə/; Russian: КрымUkrainian: Крим; Crimean Tatar: Къырым, Qırım), is a major land mass on the northern coast of the Black Sea that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. The peninsula is located south of theUkrainian region of Kherson and west of the Russian region of Kuban. It is connected to Kherson Oblast by the Isthmus of Perekopand is separated from Kuban by the Strait of Kerch. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivashfrom the Sea of Azov.
Crimean Peninsula Etc. Schedule
 
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Scheduled to leave Sedjove Ukraine on the north-eastern Sea of Azoz and travel (drive) to the south-eastern side of the Sea of Azoz and then counter-clockwise around the Crimean Peninsula on the Black Sea Coast - then Kherson and Odessa - moshet bit (Maybe) into Moldava or Romania from there and towards Litice nad Orlice where Litice Castle is - which Lititz PA was named after by the Moravians (ancestors - first 'Protestants') when they went from there to Germany and then America via being sponsored by Count Zinzendorf.
Views: 27 fems2112
History of the Balkans - Every year (1000 - 2016)
 
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MUSIC (I DO NOT OWN THE MUSIC IN THIS VIDEO,THE AUTHORS ARE CREDITED IN THE VIDEO AND DOWN BELOW): Loki - Victory The Balkan Peninsula and the Balkans is a peninsula and a cultural area in Southeast Europe with different and disputed borders.[1] The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch from the east of Serbia to the Black Sea at the east of Bulgaria. The Balkans meet the Adriatic Sea on the northwest, Ionian Sea on the southwest, the Mediterranean and Aegean Sea on the south and southeast, and the Black Sea on the east and northeast. The highest point of the Balkans is Mount Musala 2,925 metres (9,596 ft) on the Rila mountain range in Bulgaria. From Antiquity through the Middle Ages, the Balkan Mountains had been called by the local Thracian[2] name Haemus.[3] According to Greek mythology, the Thracian king Haemus was turned into a mountain by Zeus as a punishment and the mountain has remained with his name. A reverse name scheme has also been suggested. D. Dechev considers that Haemus (Αἷμος) is derived from a Thracian word *saimon, 'mountain ridge'.[4] A third possibility is that "Haemus" (Αἵμος) derives from the Greek word "haema" (αἵμα) meaning 'blood'. The myth relates to a fight between Zeus and the monster/titan Typhon. Zeus injured Typhon with a thunder bolt and Typhon's blood fell on the mountains from which they got their name.[5] The earliest mention of the name appears in an early 14th-century Arab map, in which the Haemus mountains are referred to as Balkan.[6] The first attested time the name "Balkan" was used in the West for the mountain range in Bulgaria was in a letter sent in 1490 to Pope Innocent VIII by Buonaccorsi Callimaco, an Italian humanist, writer and diplomat.[7] The Ottomans first mention it in a document dated from 1565.[8] There has been no other documented usage of the word to refer to the region before that, despite the fact that other Turkic tribes had already settled earlier or were passing through the Peninsula.[8] There exists also a claim about an earlier Bulgar Turkic origin of the word popular in Bulgaria, however it is only an unscholary assertion.[8] The word was used by the Ottomans in Rumelia in its general meaning of mountain, as in Kod̲j̲a-Balkan, Čatal-Balkan, and Ungurus-Balkani̊, but especially it was applied to the Haemus mountain.[9][10] In Turkish Balkan means "a chain of wooded mountains" (balkan),[11][12] while in Bulgarian language the word balkan (балкан) means "mountain".[13] Another possibility to its etymology is related to Persian bālk meaning "mud", and the Turkish suffix an, i.e. swampy forest.[14] The name is still preserved in Central Asia with the Balkan Daglary (Balkan Mountains)[15] and the Balkan Province of Turkmenistan. A less popular hypothesis regarding its etymology is that it derived from the Persian Balā-Khāna meaning big, high, house.[citation needed] English traveler John Morritt introduced this term into the English literature at the end of the 18th-century, and other authors started applying the name to the wider area between the Adriatic and the Black Sea. The concept of the "Balkans" was created by the German geographer August Zeune in 1808.[16] During the 1820s, "Balkan became the preferred although not yet exclusive term alongside Haemus among British travelers... Among Russian travelers not so burdened by classical toponymy, Balkan was the preferred term."[17]
Views: 191384 Serbian Mapping
Ялта Крым: Пляж город рынок
 
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Ялта находится приблизительно на одной географической широте с известными итальянскими городами Равенной и Генуей. Солнце сияет здесь в среднем 2250 часов в году — это примерно столько же, сколько в Ницце, Каннах, Сан-Ремо и других средиземноморских курортах, и больше, чем в Сочи и Кисловодске. Климат Ялты — средиземноморский до высоты 200 м над уровнем моря; выше этого уровня среднеянварские температуры опускаются уже ниже 2° и растительность постепенно теряет свой субтропический характер[9]. Характеризуется мягкой и дождливой зимой, прохладной весной, жарким и длительным летом и долгой тёплой осенью. Самую важную роль играет сочетание тёплого, незамерзающего моря и Крымских гор, которые поднимаются стеной на пути холодных ветров. Средняя температура июля +24,1 °C, средняя температура января +4,0 °C, в морозные зимы, при вторжении холодного арктического циклона или сибирского антициклона температура может снижаться до отрицательных значений. Нередко бывают даже в январе по-настоящему тёплые, солнечные дни, когда термометр показывает +20 °C. Январь 2006 года был аномально холодным для Ялты: температура опускалась до −10,2 °C. Крым , ранее — Таврида (греч. Ταυρίδα)) — полуостров в северной части Чёрного моря, с северо-востока омывается Азовским морем. Бо́льшая часть полуострова является объектом территориальных разногласий между Россией, контролирующей её с марта 2014 года, и Украиной. Большинство государств — членов ООН продолжают рассматривать весь Крым как часть Украины[2][3]. Согласно федеративному устройству России, на спорной территории Крыма располагаются субъекты Российской Федерации Республика Крым и город федерального значения Севастополь. Согласно административному делению Украины, здесь располагаются Автономная Республика Крым и город со специальным статусом Севастополь. Северная часть Арабатской стрелки относится к Херсонской области Украины и не является объектом территориальных разногласий.
Views: 78550 rus31news
Walking and boat trip in Yalta ~ Virtual City Tour in Crimea 4K UHD
 
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Yalta Travel Guide. Crimean cities. Amazing places around the world 4k. Yalta is a resort city on the south coast of the Crimean Peninsula surrounded by the Black Sea. The city is located on the site of an ancient Greek colony, said to have been founded by the Greek conquerors who were looking for a safe shore (γιαλός – yalos in Greek) on which to land. Walking and boat trip in Saint Petersburg - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QerG0MFdYag 00:00 - Ялта, гора Ай-Петри 00:27 - памятник Ленину 01:05 - набережная имени Ленина (Ялтинская набережная) 08:01- памятник Краснову 09:16 - памятник Юлиану Семёнову 09:35 - улица Гоголя 10:15 - улица Коммунаров 10:22 - памятник Горькому 10:53 - Приморский парк 11:11 - памятник Чехову 13:13 - верёвочный парк 15:15- Ливадийский дворец 17:14 - Ливадия 21:17 - набережная имени Ленина 29:26 - Прогулки на катере в Ялте 33:04 - Массандровский парк 35:55 - Массандровский пляж 37:55 - прогулки на катере в Ялте и Гурзуфе 40:45 - Гурзуф 42:18 - гора Медведь и Адалары 42:37 - детский лагерь Артек 43:01 - Адалары, Артек, гора Медведь 43:46 - Массандровские пляжи 44:14 - Эйфелева башня на Массандровском пляже 45:37 - Прогулка по вечерней набережной Ялты 47:58 - мотоциклы байкеров 50:06 - панорамный ресторан Чайка 51:38 - смешная собака 53:53 - ресторан Белый лев 55:01 - улица Игнатенко 55:35 - гостиница Крым (Московская улица) Nature Playlists: Crimea 4К https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL3q425sB2nfLJMqOY7g6gPNigq-aHE8Yw Amazing places 4K https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL3q425sB2nfLvqCSpHvMWOB5uw-8K_VbL Relaxing Nature sounds https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL3q425sB2nfI6OnlLUXRu11u3gEmpQeI3 Videographer: Sergey Khvostov (Сергей Хвостов) Сamera: Sony FDR-AX100 / 4К UHD 25 fps 3-Axis gimbal stabilizer Profi 2017, microphone Sony ECM-XYST1M. Instagram https://www.instagram.com/sergey.khvostov/ My channel https://www.youtube.com/user/SergKhvostov/featured?disable_polymer=1 VK Вконтакте https://vk.com/id14521713 #walkingtour #traveltour #videotour #citywalks #citytour #yalta #blacksea #travel #tourism
Views: 4029 Sergey Khvostov
National Geographic Documentary - Balkans - BBC NatGeo Wildlife Animals
 
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National Geographic Documentary - Balkans - BBC NatGeo Wildlife Animals he Balkan Peninsula, or the Balkans, is a peninsula and a cultural area in Eastern and Southeastern Europe with various and disputed borders.[1] The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch from the Serbian-Bulgarian border to the Black Sea. The Balkans are bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the northwest, the Ionian Sea on the southwest, the Mediterranean and Aegean Sea on the south and southeast, and the Black Sea on the east and northeast. The highest point of the Balkans is Mount Musala 2,925 metres (9,596 ft) in the Rila mountain range.
Crimea, History, Economy, Climate
 
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Crimea is a beautiful region on the Black Sea that has long entranced visitors. The Crimean Peninsula is connected to Ukraine by two narrow necks of land, making it more like an island with a couple of natural land bridges. Crimea is a disputed region claimed by both Ukraine and Russia as part of either southern Ukraine or southwestern Russia. LOCATION Crimea is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. It is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson and west of the Russian region of Kuban. Crimea is Covering an area of 27,000 km2 HISTORY Crimea or Tauric Peninsula has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the Pontic–Caspian steppe. Its southern fringe was colonised by the Greeks, the Persians, the Romans, the Byzantine Empire, the Crimean Goths, the Genoese and the Ottoman Empire. In 1783, Crimea became a part of the Russian Empire as the result of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Crimea became an autonomous republic within the Russian Soviet Federation. In 1954, it was transferred to the Ukrain from the Soviet Federation. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine was formed as an independent state in 1991. In February 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution Russian Armed Forces took over the territory. POPULATION most citizens identify as Russian. Russian currency is used and Russian laws apply. there are three official languages in the republic: Russian, Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar. However, in practice, Russian is by far the main language. Orthodox Christians made up 58% of the Crimean population, followed by Muslims (15%). CLIMATE The weather in Crimea during the summer season is very much Mediterranean. Expect relatively hot weather and lots of thunderstorms that come and go. Hot and very humid at night. In the winter snow can cover the mountains and make the roads almost impassable. However it almost never snows on the southern coast of Crimea. COMMUNICATION Simferopol International Airport's new terminal opened in from April 2018 with the ability to handle 6.5 million passengers a year. Almost every settlement in Crimea is connected with another settlement by bus lines. Crimea contains the longest (96 km or 59 mi) trolleybus route in the world. ECONOMY The main branches of the modern Crimean economy are agriculture and fishing. Other branches are manufacturing, mining, chemical, tourism and ports. Industrial plants are situated for the most part in the southern coast.
Views: 273 Canvas4U
Crimea Annexation Aftermath: Black Sea peninsula faces challenges, isolation under Russia occupation
 
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A year after the beginning of Russia's campaign to seize Ukraine's Crimea, the once bustling Black Sea peninsula is as isolated as it was during the height of the Cold War. Check out our website: http://uatoday.tv Facebook: https://facebook.com/uatodaytv Twitter: https://twitter.com/uatodaytv
Views: 1015 UKRAINE TODAY
Cenote Angelita: "Underwater River"
 
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Cenote Angelita: "Underwater River" Camera: Anatoly Beloshchin. www.anatoly.pro Cenote Angelita information: - Location: Mexico, 22km. to the south of Tulum - Maximum depth: 59m. - Fresh water: 0-29m. - A layer of hydrogen sulfide: 29-31m. - Fresh water: 31-59m.
Views: 2571598 AB TV
Taman Peninsula
 
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Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. You can support us by purchasing something through our Amazon-Url, thanks :) The Taman Peninsula , a peninsula in the present-day Krasnodar Krai of Russia, borders on the north with the Sea of Azov, on the west with the Strait of Kerch and on the south with the Black Sea.The area has evolved over the past two millennia from a chain of islands into today's peninsula.In ancient times the Pontic Greek colonies of Hermonassa and Phanagoria stood on the peninsula, as did the later city of Tmutarakan.The Maeotae and Sindi settled in the area from ancient times. ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- License: Public domain License Url: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Taman_map.png ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- This channel is dedicated to make Wikipedia, one of the biggest knowledge databases in the world available to people with limited vision. Article available under a Creative Commons license Image source in video
Views: 91 WikiWikiup
Погода в Севастополе.  14 декабря. 2018 г.
 
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Город на юго-западе Крымского полуострова, на побережье Чёрного моря. Незамерзающий морской торговый и рыбный порт.. Носит звание «Город-Герой». City in the South-West of the Crimean Peninsula, on the black sea coast. Ice-free sea trade and fishing port.. Has the title of "Hero City".
Views: 331 Diana K.
ROmania from up(2019)
 
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Romania is a state located in south-eastern Central Europe, on the lower course of the Danube, north of the Balkan Peninsula and on the north-western shore of the Black Sea. It covers almost the entire Danube Delta area and the southern and central part of the Carpathian Mountains.
Black Sea and Cape Tarkhankut, Crimea
 
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Black Sea and Cape Tarkhankut, Crimea The Tarkhankut Peninsula (Ukrainian: Тарханкутський півострів, Russian: Тарханкутский полуостров, Crimean Tatar: Tarhanqut yarımadası)) is the peninsula which constitutes the western extremity of Crimea into the Black sea. Its northern shore is a southern coast of the Karkinit Bay. [1] Its westernmost point is Cape Priboyny, to the south of it is Cape Tarkhankut. The terrain of the peninsula is the Tarkhankut Highlands. Cape Tarkhankut is a south-western cape of the Tarkhankut Peninsula, Crimea.[2] The Tarkhankut lighthouse is located on the cape. INFO SOURCE : WIKIPEDIA https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarkhankut_Peninsula MAP: GOOGLE MAP -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Zee Horror Show Postmortem Part 4" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_a6LhDM8KHk -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Visit our Website. https://thisdayinhistory2.blogspot.com
Views: 29 FAVOURITE VIDEOS
Ukraine Documentary: The history of Crimea
 
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Ukraine Documentary: The history of Crimea The Crimean Peninsula, also known simply as Crimea, is a major land mass on the northern coast of the Black Sea that is almost completely surrounded by water. The peninsula is located south of the Ukrainian mainland and west of the Russian region of Kuban. It is surrounded by two seas: the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the east. It is connected with the Ukrainian mainland by the Isthmus of Perekop and is separated from Kuban by the Strait of Kerch. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast; a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. Crimea—or the Tauric Peninsula, as it was formerly known—has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the Pontic-Caspian steppe. Its southern fringe was colonised by the ancient Greeks, the ancient Persians, the ancient Romans, the Byzantine Empire, the Genoese and the Ottoman Empire, while at the same time its interior was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads, such as the Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks, and the Golden Horde. Crimea and adjacent territories were united in the Crimean Khanate during the 15th to 18th century before falling to the Russian Empire and being organised as its Taurida Oblast in 1783. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Crimea became a republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the USSR. In World War Two it was downgraded to the Crimean Oblast, and in 1954 the Crimean Oblast was transferred to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. It became the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within newly independent Ukraine in 1991, with Sevastopol having its own administration, within Ukraine but outside of the Autonomous Republic. Sovereignty and control of the peninsula became the subject of the ongoing 2014 Crimean crisis, a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. During the crisis, unmarked pro-Russian and Russian forces took over most of Crimea and also occupied several localities in Kherson Oblast on the Arabat Spit, which is geographically a part of Crimea. Then, in March 2014, Russia signed a treaty of accession with the self-declared independent Republic of Crimea, absorbing it into the Russian Federation, though this is not recognised by Ukraine or most of the international community. Russia withdrew its forces from southern Kherson in December 2014 and Ukraine now effectively only controls the northern areas of the Arabat Spit and Syvash Sea. ee all my other videos here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkYAc57Wrmw4nr0EfhoRNuQ Click Here To Subscribe - Never Miss A Video! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkYAc57Wrmw4nr0EfhoRNuQ See all my other videos here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkYAc57Wrmw4nr0EfhoRNuQ Twitter: https://twitter.com/pgerrits Udemy: https://www.udemy.com/u/patrickgerrits/ Linkedin: http://nl.linkedin.com/in/patrickgerrits/
Views: 1624 Ukraine Documentary
Ukraine: Crimea Explained in 60 seconds - BBC News
 
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Subscribe to BBC News www.youtube.com/bbcnews Watch a brief history of Crimea. It's located on a peninsula stretching out from the south of Ukraine between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov Subscribe http://www.youtube.com/bbcnews Check out our website: http://www.bbc.com/news Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/bbcworldnews Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/bbcworld Instagram: http://instagram.com/bbcnews
Views: 70803 BBC News
NATO in the Black Sea: How will Russia Respond
 
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NATO in the Black Sea: How will Russia Respond - NATO plans to deploy warships to the Black Sea to ensure safe passage for Ukrainian vessels through the Kerch Strait, effectively controlled by Russia. If the Kremlin allows such transit, NATO and Ukraine will doubtlessly see that as a sign of Russian weakness. The Kerch Strait, as well as the whole Crimean Peninsula, is a de-facto part of Russia, and any unauthorized passage through Russian territorial waters would be a clear violation of Russian sovereignty. NATO and Ukraine, on the other hand, never recognized the Russian annexation of Crimea, and therefore they claim they have the right to freely access the Sea of Azov through the Kerch Strait. Subscribe Now : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0IlEuu4TA9wq1u60tLMqBw?sub_confirmation=1 Facebook: https://facebook.com/USMilitaryNewsVideos Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/militaryvideos_ Twitter:
A Closer Look To The Crimean Peninsula
 
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The Crimean Peninsula (Russian: Кры́мский полуо́стров, Ukrainian: Кри́мський піво́стрів, Crimean Tatar: Къырым ярымадасы), also known simply as Crimea (Russian: Крым, Ukrainian: Крим, Crimean Tatar: Къырым), is a major land mass on the northern coast of the Black Sea that is almost completely surrounded by water. The peninsula is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson and west of the Russian region of Kuban. It is surrounded by two seas: the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. It is connected to Kherson by the Isthmus of Perekop and is separated from Kuban by the Strait of Kerch. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast; a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. Crimea—or the Tauric Peninsula, as it was formerly known—has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the Pontic-Caspian steppe. Its southern fringe was colonised by the ancient Greeks, the ancient Persians, the ancient Romans, the Byzantine Empire, the Genoese and the Ottoman Empire, while at the same time its interior was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads, such as the Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks, and the Golden Horde. Crimea and adjacent territories were united in the Crimean Khanate during the 15th to 18th century before falling to the Russian Empire and being included into the Russian Taurida Governorate in 1802. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Crimea became a republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the USSR. In World War Two it was downgraded to the Crimean Oblast, and in 1954, the Crimean Oblast was transferred to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. It became the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within newly independent Ukraine in 1991, with Sevastopol having its own administration, within Ukraine but outside of the Autonomous Republic. Sovereignty and control of the peninsula became the subject of an ongoing territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine, with Russia signing a treaty of accession in March 2014 with the self-declared independent Republic of Crimea, absorbing it into the Russian Federation, though this is not recognised by Ukraine or most of the international community. The classical name Tauris or Taurica is from the Greek Ταυρική, after the peninsula's Scytho-Cimmerian inhabitants, the Tauri. Strabo and Ptolemy refer to the Strait of Kerch as the Bosporus Cimmerius, and to Cimmerium as the capital of the Taurida, whence the peninsula, or its easternmost part, was also named Promontorium Cimmerium. In English, the Crimean Khanate is referred to as Crim Tartary in the early modern period. The Italian form Crimea (and "Crimean peninsula") also becomes current during the 18th century, gradually replacing the classical name of Tauric peninsula in the course of the 19th century. The omission of the definite article in English ("Crimea" rather than "the Crimea") becomes common during the later 20th century. The name "Crimea" ultimately, via Italian, takes its origin with the name of Qırım (today's Stary Krym) which served as a capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde. The name of the capital was extended to the entire peninsula at some point during Ottoman suzerainty. The origin of the name Qırım itself is uncertain.
Views: 381 MadeInTurkey
Europe
 
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Europe is one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally divided from Asia to its east by the water divide of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus region (specification of borders) and the Black Sea to the southeast. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean and other bodies of water to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Black Sea and connected waterways to the southeast. Yet the borders for Europe is a concept dating back to classical antiquity which are somewhat arbitrary, as the term continent can refer to a cultural and political distinction or a physiographic one. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi) or 2% of the Earth's surface and about 6.8% of its land area. Of Europe's approximately 50 states, Russia is the largest by both area and population (although the country has territory in both Europe and Asia), while the Vatican City is the smallest. Europe is the third-most populous continent after Asia and Africa, with a population of 731 million or about 11% of the world's population. Europe, in particular Ancient Greece, is the birthplace of Western culture. It played a predominant role in global affairs from the 16th century onwards, especially after the beginning of colonialism. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European nations controlled at various times the Americas, most of Africa, Oceania, and large portions of Asia. Both World Wars were largely focused upon Europe, greatly contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the United States and Soviet Union took prominence. During the Cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the west and the Warsaw Pact in the east. European integration led to the formation of the Council of Europe and the European Union in Western Europe, both of which have been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Views: 18799 EUofficial
Polish Orliks Highfiyer Pigeons
 
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Please watch: "lasota Vaccine || Newcastle disease treatment || lakwa " https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zYp6u-PJM0k --~-- This particular class of pigeons is native to the Black Sea region of the South Ukraine and the Crimean Peninsula and are generally known there by the name of "Tucheresi" or "Tucurez." It said that the first of these birds appeared at the city of Nikolayev (Nicholaev) in the last century and over time have spread into the surrounding regions.
Views: 13862 ALIGARH PIGEONS CLUB
Ancient Civilizations Arabian Peninsula to the Syrian Desert
 
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From the Arabian Peninsula, we look at an ancient caravan route through the desert to Syria. ; Along the way, several lush oases in the otherwise barren Syrian desert come to our rescue in the form of Marib and Petra, cite of the great tomb of Aaron that is carved out of a rock face, along with the beautiful city of Palmyra in Syria. Early development The period from the middle of the 2nd millennium BCE to the beginning of the Common Era saw societies in Western Asia, the Mediterranean, China and the Indian subcontinent develop major transportation networks for trade. One of the vital instruments which facilitated long distance trade was portage and the domestication of beasts of burden. Organized caravans, visible by the 2nd millennium BCE, could carry goods across a large distance as fodder was mostly available along the way. The domestication of camels allowed Arabian nomads to control the long distance trade in spices and silk from the Far East to the Arabian Peninsula. Caravans were useful in long-distance trade largely for carrying luxury goods, the transportation of cheaper goods across large distances was not profitable for caravan operators. With productive developments in iron and bronze technologies, newer trade routes—dispensing innovations of civilizations—began to rise. Maritime trade Evidence of maritime trade between civilizations dates back at least two millennia. Navigation was known in Sumer between the 4th and the 3rd millennium BCE, and was probably known by the Indians and the Chinese people before the Sumerians. The Egyptians had trade routes through the Red Sea, importing spices from the "Land of Punt" (East Africa) and from Arabia. Evolution of Indian trade networks. The main map shows the routes since Mughal times, Inset A shows the major prehistorical cultural currents, B: pre-Mauryan routes, C: Mauryan routes, D: routes c. 1st century CE, and E: the "Z" shaped region of developed roads. Maritime trade began with safer coastal trade and evolved with the manipulation of the monsoon winds, soon resulting in trade crossing boundaries such as the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. South Asia had multiple maritime trade routes which connected it to Southeast Asia, thereby making the control of one route resulting in maritime monopoly difficult. Indian connections to various Southeast Asian states buffered it from blockages on other routes. By making use of the maritime trade routes, bulk commodity trade became possible for the Romans in the 2nd century BCE. A Roman trading vessel could span the Mediterranean in a month at one-sixtieth the cost of over-land routes. Visible trade routes The peninsula of Anatolia lay on the commercial land routes to Europe from Asia as well as the sea route from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea. Records from the 19th century BCE attest to the existence of an Assyrian merchant colony at Kanesh in Cappadocia (now in modern Turkey). Trading networks of the Old World included the Grand Trunk Road of India and the Incense Road of Arabia. A transportation network consisting of hard-surfaced highways, using concrete made from volcanic ash and lime, was built by the Romans as early as 312 BCE, during the times of the Censor Appius Claudius Caecus. Parts of the Mediterranean world, Roman Britain, Tigris-Euphrates river system and North Africa fell under the reach of this network at some point of their history.
Views: 110151 Ancient Cities
Yalta, Crimea - Russia/Ukraine. HD Travel.
 
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Find hotel for best price here http://hotellook.com/?marker=86708.youtube The City of Yalta (Ukrainian and Russian: Я́лта; Crimean Tatar: Yalta) is a resort city on the south coast of the Crimean Peninsula surrounded by the Black Sea. It serves as the administrative center of Yalta Municipality, one of the regions within Crimea. The city is located on the site of an ancient Greek colony, said to have been founded by the Greek conquerors who were looking for a safe shore (γιαλός – yalos in Greek) on which to land. It is situated on a deep bay facing south towards the Black Sea, surrounded by the mountain range Ai-Petri. It has a warm humid subtropical climate and surrounded by numerous vineyards and orchards.
Views: 4159 Have a lounge
Russian military monitors US warship guide missile destroyer USS Donald Cook in Black Sea
 
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Russian military monitors US warship guide missile destroyer USS Donald Cook in Black Sea Russia’s Black Sea Fleet is monitoring movements of the US guided-missile destroyer USS Donald Cook, which had entered the Black Sea, the Russian Defense Ministry’s National Defense Control Center said on Saturday. "Forces of the Black Sea Fleet have begun tracking the guided-missile destroyer USS Donald Cook immediately after she made a transit into the Black Sea," the center said. According to the center, "the Black Sea Fleet guard ship Pytlivy began tracking the movements of the US naval ship immediately. Besides, the US ship will be monitored with the help of the fleet’s electronic and technical means. USS Donald Cook entered the Black Sea at 8.50 p.m., the National Defense Control Center specified. The top brass recalled that under the Montreux Convention, which regulates transit and navigation through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits, the USS Donald Cook cannot stay in the Black Sea longer than 21 days, as a naval warship belonging to a country without a Black Sea coastline. Earlier in the day, the US 6th Fleet’s press service reported that the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Donald Cook began its transit of the Dardanelles Strait heading into the Black Sea "to conduct maritime security operations and enhance regional maritime stability, combined readiness and naval capability with our NATO allies and partners in the region.". The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer was navigating the Dardanelles Strait in Turkey on January 19 as it headed north toward the Black Sea, the U.S. Navy said in a statement. “The U.S. Navy routinely operates in the Black Sea consistent with the Montreux Convention and international law,” the statement said. It did not say when it expected the ship to reach the Black Sea, but the TASS news agency quoted the Russian Defense Ministry’s Defense Control Center as saying it is “tracking the movements” of the Donald Cook, which according to international convention may stay in the Black Sea for no longer than 21 days. Tensions in the region have been heightened since November 25 when Russian security forces fired on, boarded, and then seized three Ukrainian vessels near the Kerch Strait, which links the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Moscow claims the Ukrainian vessels illegally entered Russian territorial waters near Crimea, the Ukrainian peninsula that Russia occupied and took over in 2014. It is holding 24 Ukrainian sailors for possible trial on charges of illegal border crossing. The United States, European Union, and other Western countries have called for their release. "The United States and the U.S. Navy continue to stand alongside our allies in defense of shared regional interests and maritime stability," Commander Matthew J. Powel, commanding officer of Donald Cook, said in the Navy statement. "Our arrival into the Black Sea will showcase the Navy's interoperability in pursuit of common security objectives, enabling us to respond effectively to future crises or deterring aggression," he added. U.S. national security adviser John Bolton said in December that there will be no substantial meeting between President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin while Moscow still holds the Ukrainian ships and sailors. Russia moved swiftly to seize control over Crimea after Moscow-friendly Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych was pushed from power in Kyiv by the pro-European Maidan protest movement in February 2014. Putin's government sent troops without insignia to the peninsula, seized key buildings, took control of the regional legislature, and staged a referendum denounced as illegitimate by at least 100 countries at the UN. Russia also fomented unrest and backed opponents of Kyiv in eastern Ukraine, where more than 10,300 people have been killed in the ensuing conflict since April 2014. The International Criminal Court (ICC) ruled in November 2016 that the fighting in eastern Ukraine is "an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation." Subscribe Now : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0IlEuu4TA9wq1u60tLMqBw?sub_confirmation=1 Facebook: https://facebook.com/USMilitaryNewsVideos Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/militaryvideos_ Twitter:
Crimea Residents Say 'No Regrets': Black Sea region seized by Moscow from Ukraine in March 2014
 
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We begin today in the Russian-occupied Crimean Peninsula. Two years on and no regrets - that seems to be the view of its residents. The Black Sea region was seized by Moscow from Ukraine in March 2014. The Guardian's Shaun Walker has been there and spoken to locals. He says most are glad to have left Ukraine even if Russia isn't delivering as much as hoped. Check out our website: http://uatoday.tv Facebook: https://facebook.com/uatodaytv Twitter: https://twitter.com/uatodaytv
Views: 302 UKRAINE TODAY
Baja The Other California - The Secrets of Nature
 
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Baja California stretches 750 miles southwards from its famous neighbour, the State of California. On either side of this narrow strip of land lie the rich waters of the Pacific and the Sea of Cortez. The peninsula, for the most part, is desert. Stark but beautiful, its raw landscape, naked rocks and giant cactus contrast with the crystal blue waters of the sea that surrounds it. Isolated from other deserts Baja and the Sea of Cortez are home to weird plants and unique creatures that evolved here coping with this most extreme of places. This is a rare opportunity to see the Boojum, for example, that looks more like a 10 meter high upside down parsnip than a true plant, the blue-footed boobies that each year perform their comical courtship or Lizards that eat flies so salty they would kill them, had they not enlarged nostrils with salt glands.
Views: 345178 The Secrets of Nature
SOUTH AMERICA  : CHAPTER-11: Part 2 (दक्षिण अमेरिका महाद्वीप का भाग -2) अध्याय:11
 
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World map, Study of world map Geography map study Seven continent Asia in largest continent Africa is second largest continent, Asia, africa, north america, south america, Antarctica, Europe, Australia, Russia is largest country in area Kshetraphal me sat sabse bade desh kramshah- russia, canada, china, usa, brazil, australia, india Jansankhya me sat sabse bade desh- china, India, usa, indonasia, brazil, pakistan Equator asia ke kitne desho se hokar gujarta hai, Equator, Asia ka sabse purvi desh, asia ka sabse dakshini desh, Asia ka sabse pashchimi desh, Bhumadhya sagar me sthit desh Syprus island Syprus is asian country, Ural parvat asia aur europe ki vibhajak rekha hai, Caspian sea Caspian sea is not a sea Caspian sea is a lake Caspian sagar ke tat par sthit desh Caspian sagar se sima banane wale desh, Kala sagar Black sea Black sea is a sea Black sea ke tat par sthit desh Aral sagar Aral sagar is not a sea Aral sagar is a lake Aral sagar do desho se ghira hai Aral sagar ke tat par kitne desh hain Asia ka sabse bada sthalruddh desh kaun sa hai Magnolia russia aur china ke bich me ek buffer state hai Amur nadi russia aur china ki sima nirdharit karti hai, Amur nadi Okhotsk sagar me girti hai, Indonasia Indonasia me kul kitne dwip hain Indonasia me kul kitne island hain Indonasia ke 13000 islands Indonasia ka sabse bada dwip Indonasia ka sabse bada island Rajdhani jarkata kis dwip par hai Indonasia ka sabse purvi dwip New ginia Papua newgini Singapore Japan ke dwip Japan ke islands Japan ka sabse bada dwip Japan ka sabse bada island Hokkaido Honshu Shikoku Kyushu Tokyo Honshu island par hai Hiroshima Nagasaki Kamchatka peninsula Kuril island Mariana trench Suez nahar Suez Sueznahar ki lambai Suez nahar kab bana Suez bahar kis varsh bana Suez nahar ka nirman kis varsh hua World map, Locate places on world map, Geography by maps, 7 continents of the world, Asia: The largest continent in the world, Africa: the second largest continent in the world, Asia, Africa, North America , South America, Antarctica, Europe, Australia, Russia is the largest country by area, Seven largest countries in the world: Russia, Canada, China, USA, Brazil, Australia, India, Seven largest countries by population: China, India, USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan. How many Asian countries does the Equator pass through? Equator. Extreme points of Asia. The east most country of Asia. The southern most country of Asia. The western most country of Asia. Countries located in the Mediterranean sea. Cyprus island. Cyprus is an Asian country. Ural mountains are dividing line between Europe and Asia. Caspian sea. Caspian sea: lake or sea? Countries located in Caspian sea. Countries that border the Caspian sea. The black sea . Countries located in the black sea . The Aral sea. The Aral sea is a lake. The Aral sea lies between two countries. How many countries located in the Aral sea?. Largest landlocked countries in Asia. Mongolia is a buffer state between Russia and China. Amur river forms border between china and Russia. The Amur river falls into the sea of Okhotsk. Indonesia. How many islands does Indonesia have? 13000 islands in Indonesia. Largest island of Indonesia? The capital Jakarta is situated on which island of Indonesia? East most island of Indonesia? Papua New Guinea Singapore Japanese islands. Largest island of Japan? Hokkaido. Honshu. Shikoku. Kyushu. Tokyo is located on Honshu island. Hiroshima. Nagasaki. Kamchatka peninsula. Kuril islands. Mariana trench. Suez canal. Length of Suez canal. When was Suez canal built? European continent, Ural mountain, vakai hill, Caspian sagar , kala sagar, bhumadhya sagar, Iberian plateau, Jutland, Scandinavia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Kola praydweep, Iberian praydweep, murmusk, Murmansk, arctic vritt, arctic circle, Arctic vritt kitne desho se hokar gujarta hai, Europe ki sabse pashchimi rajdhani, World map, Malta, inglish channel, Dover strait, Dover jalsandhi, Gibraltar jalsandhi, Gibraltar strait, Strait of Gibraltar, UPPCS Prelim exam:- Effective strategy Key points of this video:- # Up pcs prelim strategy. # strategy for uppcs prelim 2017, # pcs pre exam ki taiyari kaise karein, # how to prepare up pcs prelim exam, # important books for uppcs prelim exam, # gs books fir pcs prelim exam, # general study books, # books for pcs pre, # uppcs prarambhik pariksha ke liye samany adhyayan ki kitabe, # history books for general study, # itihas ki kitab, # prachin itihas ki kitab, # book for ancient history, # madhyakalin bharat ki kitab, # book for mediual history, # sk pandey ki ancient history, # sk pandey ki prachin itihas, # unique ki history book, # pariksha vani publication, # pariksha vani books, FOLLOW ME ON FACEBOOK :- https://www.facebook.com/alok1182 LIKE MY FACEBOOK PAGE :- https://www.facebook.com/TARGETwithAlok/ FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER :- https://twitter.com/targetwithalok FOLLOW ME ON GOOGLE+ :- https://plus.google.com/101830681512077634274
Views: 305558 TARGET with alok
BREAKING! The American Spy Plane Frightens Russia Into The Black Sea
 
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BREAKING! The American Spy Plane Frightens Russia Into The Black Sea #Welcome to the #ALNEWS Channel! ► Don't Forget To SUBSCRIBE :http://bit.ly/2FGURX1 ► Don't Forget To FOLLOW ME: ► GOOGLE+: https://bit.ly/2tLKPj7 ► TWITTER: https://bit.ly/2SA8Rb8 ====================================================================== Wednesday's flight was the third time a US recon aircraft was spotted near Russia's southern borders in less than 24 hours. A US Air Force Boeing RC-135V large reconnaissance aircraft based in Crete, Greece made its way into the Black Sea this morning, coasting along the Russian maritime border in the Krasnodar region before making its way around the Crimean peninsula, online aircraft monitoring resource PlaneRadar has reported, citing the plane's transponder data. Prior to making its way to the Russian maritime border, the aircraft was joined by a Boeing KC-135R Stratotanker for refueling in the southwestern Black Sea. SEE MORE VIDEOS: ► GET READY, CHINA: U.S. Sends Coast Guard Cutter & Navy Destroyer Through The Tense Taiwan Strait https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MpvhCcdC52Y ►READY FOR WAR! Kim's Commandos: Meet North Korea's 200,000 Elite Soldiers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0lx37GElT8 ► Taiwan Prepares To 'SHOCKED' China Again Asks To Buy Advanced F-16 Vipers From U.S. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqjQtF9UqSw ►HIGH ALERT: U.S. Air Force Launch F-35s Over North Korea To Stop ICBMs Launch!? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=old0FTdImZw ►Breaking News: Trump WARNS Europe He Will Free ISIS Fighters If Allies Won’t Prosecute Them https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WyVRleuuBQM ►Breaking News - Pence THREATENS Maduro: “This Is No Time For Dialogue. This Is Time For Action” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jsc0iwvPVY0 ►News Alert - U.S. ANGRY as Chinese Military Aircraft FLEXES MUSCLES Flying Near Taiwan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dYdizY5p5qk ►News Alert: Kiev in PANIC as Russia Sets up NUCLEAR MISSILES Near Ukraine Border - TENSIONS RISE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xQPAvVvw42E ►RED ALERT: U.S. Report CLAIMS China Is A Threat To Asian Security As Military EXPANDS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AcXqMXm9QHs ►News Alert: China ANGRY as U.S. Navy Just Sent Destroyer To Challenge in South China Sea https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_cEARV32gM ►High Alert: Russia To RESPOND To UK’s Military Threat After Williamson Warned Putin ‘Don’t Mess Us' https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gm5auKIQdso ►Russian Warship Stalks U.S. Navy Vessel In Black Sea As Ukraine ‘Vulnerable To Attack’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kY17NMqDxU4 ► I do not own the image or the music in my video(MUSIC FREE DOWNLOAD). If you have any rights to videos, photos, and music, do not hesitate to contact me with the private messaging system on YouTube. ► My video does not contain harmless or dangerous content, is not violent or bloody, does not provoke hatred. I love everyone ► Source Article: https://bit.ly/2LeUdrt ► Music by: incompetech.com - https://bit.ly/1ew8muJ ► VIDEO THUMBNAILS by ALNEWS (Copyrighted) #BreakingNews | #NewsAlert | #HighAlert | #RedAlert #WW3Alert | #USAnews | #WorldNews #TodayNews | #BreakingAlert #WarningNews ►►► THANKS FOR WATCHING | PLEASE SUBSCRIBE ◄◄◄
Views: 2227 AL NEWS
Russia Closes Kerch Strait Connecting Donbas to Black Sea
 
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Russia has made the Kerch Strait off limits for ship travel. The strait connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, separating the Kerch Peninsula of Crimea from the Krasnodar region of Russia. The reason given for the closure was installation of arch spans for a new bridge. _ Follow UATV English: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/UATVEN Twitter: https://twitter.com/UATV_en Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/uatv.en Medium: https://medium.com/@UATV_English
Views: 556 UATV English
Look at country's strategic importance as gatekeeper to the Black Sea
 
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Turkey's role is of strategic importance as gatekeeper to the Black Sea, but the country would not be dragged into a conflict if Russia were to attack Ukraine, a legal expert said on Wednesday. Situated between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, Turkey's Dardanelles and Bosphorus Straits are of strategic importance to Russia and other world powers. Rules governing the passage of warships are laid out in the Montreux Convention in 1936. Dolunay Ozbek, Assistant Professor of Law at Bilgi University in Istanbul, said the Convention is designed to protect Turkey's neutrality. Under the provision that "warships of the fighting states are not allowed to pass through the Straits", Turkey would have very strong legal support for its neutrality. In an eventual world power standoff, Turkey could use the provision to be free from any pressure from the US and Russia to allow or refuse passage of warships. Naval traffic along the straits has been increasing following the escalating tension between Ukraine and Russia on the Crimean Peninsula, located in the Black Sea. One Ukrainian ship and two Russian ships were seen passing through the strait on Tuesday. Russian troops have been occupying the Crimean Peninsula for nearly a week after the removal of pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych. Ozbek went on to explain that Turkey's membership of NATO did not mean it would be involved in any conflict if Russia were to attack Ukraine. "NATO is an organisation of mutual self-defence, therefore there would have to be an attack on one of NATO member states. Ukraine is not a member state," she said. "Although Ukraine and NATO do have a special relationship under certain treaties, it still is not a member, therefore an attack .... by Russia on Ukraine would not really invoke (the) self-defence provisions of the NATO," Ozbek continued. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/cb6cf4300e26f24710f484d056f7fb31 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 352 AP Archive
Russian navy pours south through Bosphorus
 
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Observers in Istanbul are gathering evidence of what seems to be increasing Russian naval activity of a military nature -- ships moving from the Black Sea towards the Mediterranean via the Bosphorus Straits. Turkish ship-spotters have described numerous vessels, including a general-purpose tank landing ship with bow and stern ramps for unloading vehicles. They speculate that these might be bound for Syria. Euronews sent an official request for comment to the Russian Defence Ministry, but rece… READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2015/09/29/russian-navy-pours-south-through-bosphorus What are the top stories today? Click to watch: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLSyY1udCyYqBeDOz400FlseNGNqReKkFd euronews: the most watched news channel in Europe Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronews euronews is available in 13 languages: https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsnetwork/channels In English: Website: http://www.euronews.com/news Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/euronews Twitter: http://twitter.com/euronews Google+: http://google.com/+euronews VKontakte: http://vk.com/en.euronews
Views: 87689 euronews (in English)
Ship Sinked to Block Port: Russian Roulette in Ukraine
 
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Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News With Crimea's parliament voting to secede from Ukraine, Russia's blockade of Ukrainian military installations in the peninsula has moved seaside. The Russian Black Sea Fleet prepared a special operation: the sinking of a decommissioned ship in the middle of Donuzlav Bay in order to prevent traffic in and out of Crimea's port. VICE News correspondent Simon Ostrovsky noticed that the unidentified men in military fatigues had suddenly disappeared from the bases — locals said that they'd gone to obstruct a mission of observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) from entering the region. Follow @simonostrovsky on Twitter here: https://twitter.com/SimonOstrovsky Check out the VICE News beta for more: http://vicenews.com Watch all of VICE News' coverage of the conflict in Ukraine here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLw613M86o5o7DfgzuUCd_PVwbOCDO472B Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/
Views: 720895 VICE News
1988 years. soviet ramming USS Yorktown CG 48 in black sea
 
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In February 1988, Caron operating with Yorktown, entered Soviet 7 miles ) territorial waters limit in the Black Sea off the Crimean Peninsula. Under international law, this act could be permissible if the ship was progressing from one point in international waters to another point in international waters via the shortest course possible, but according to the Soviet Union, it was the right of the USSR to authorize or prohibit travel in selected areas within the 12 mile limit. The United States however did not recognize the Soviet's claim in this case. To prevent it from becoming accepted precedent, the US Navy claimed that it had sailed warships through such areas at regular intervals in the past, which we had, not just two years prior. On this occasion, Caron had onboard a ships signal exploitation spaces system, operated by a crew of 18 in support of the U.S. National Security Agency. This system was capable of recording data on Soviet defense radars and communications. In response, the Soviets deployed a destroyer and a Mirka II class light frigate as well as a KGB and "civilian" ships to intercept the U.S. ships. Several times, Soviet vessels obtained radar "lock" on the Caron and Yorktown. Both American ships maintained a constant course and speed throughout the incident. Eventually, the Soviets lightly rammed both ships. No significant damage resulted to any of the ships involved. As for the music, take note that this was shot on VHS and back in 1988, when we did not have Youtube. The only people we thought would see this was friends and family, not a bunch of people from all over the world. No the music is not masking the screams from the crew on the USS Caron, so if you don't like it, there is a volume button - use it Also check out the video from the USS Yorktown at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SME4w0... This is the video that the Russian news showed on the 10th Anniversary - All I can say is I can't believe that the Russian people believed and animated version of what happened over the real tape. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_dl_WN... Also the video the Russians did on the 25th anniversary - They asked me for an interview and I declined for the very reason I that I knew they would not portray it accurately and they didn't let me down
Views: 390 Tatarin7891
Sevastopol city. port, girls, dog? we travel to Russia
 
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Видео репортаж, путешествие, Севастополь, экскурсия. Видео съемка особо секретных стратегических объектов, (металлолома, остатков боевой мощи Черноморского флота Video shooting highly classified strategic facilities (scrap, residue combat power of Black Sea Fleet) Good luck and success Sevastopol (in 1783-1784 and 1797-1826 respectively - Akhtiar, the old Greek - Hersonissos, Byzantine - Kherson, Old Russian - Korsun) - a city of state of Ukraine, Hero City. Located in the south-west of the Crimean peninsula on the Black Sea coast, the historic center of Sevastopol is located on the south side of the Sevastopol bay. Laid down by the decree of Empress Catherine II in 1783. The largest ice-free sea commercial and fishing port, industrial, scientific, technical, recreational, cultural and historical center. In Sevastopol, located naval base Russian Black Sea Fleet and the Ukrainian Navy. Video shooting highly classified strategic facilities (scrap, residue combat power of Black Sea Fleet) Good luck and success Севастополь, (в 1783-1784 и 1797-1826 годах - Ахтиар, на старом греческом - Херсонес, византийское - Херсон, старорусское -- Корсунь) - город государственного значения Украины, город-герой. Расположен на юго-западе Крымского полуострова, на берегу Чёрного моря, исторический центр Севастополя расположен на южной стороне Севастопольской бухты. Заложен по указу российской императрицы Екатерины II в 1783 году. Крупнейший незамерзающий морской торговый и рыбный порт, промышленный, научно-технический, рекреационный и культурно-исторический центр. В Севастополе расположены военно-морские базы Черноморского флота Российской Федерации и ВМС Украины.
Views: 384 MikhaiL Liakhovskiy
Panorama of Sevastopol Bay in 2016.
 
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Sevastopol bay - narrow and freezing sublatitudinal trough-basin in the Black Sea. Bdaёtsya in the south-western part of the peninsula of Crimea is 6.5 km at about 1 km wide. Eastern tip of the estuary of the river is black. On the banks of the Bay, the city of Sevastopol. It is the most convenient bay of the Black Sea for the device in its port. Throughout the world, with the Sevastopol bay for ease of navigation and placement of vessels can compete only Sydney and Hong Kong harbor. With regard to such criteria as the convenience of the basing of the Navy, then the Sevastopol bay in the world is equal. Due to the close cooperation with the city of Sevastopol bay environment characterized by difficult environmental conditions. In the waters of the bay regularly funtsioniruyut katernyh three and one ferry route. The bay is the main place of basing the Russian Black Sea Fleet.
Views: 14 New Crimea
Major US Army Exercise to Focus on South China Sea
 
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Major US Army Exercise to Focus on South China Sea - The U.S. Army’s major Pacific-area exercise in 2020 will focus on China-based scenarios in the South and possibly East China Seas. The Commander of U.S. Army forces in the Pacific, General Robert Brown, explained the outlines of the 2020 Defender Pacific exercise at a conference in March. While the army focuses on partner-building throughout the Pacific, the high-end combat scenarios it prioritized have generally focused on a conflict on the Korean peninsula. The exercise will deploy a division-sized force to the South China Sea to augment army forces already stationed forward in the Western Pacific and operate in traditional U.S. partner-nations like the Philippines and Thailand, but also may go to Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei. General Brown did not get into the specifics of the exercise, but the geography of the anticipated multinational participants and the U.S. Army’s renewed focus on projecting force across new domains, such as targeting ships to assist the U.S. Navy with sea control operations, suggests that part of the exercises may look at neutralizing China’s fleet and its militarized island bases. China’s bases in the Spratly Islands are about 200 nautical miles from parts of the Philippines, Brunei, and Malaysia. Indonesia and Malaysia are also host to critical maritime chokepoints that control access in and out of the South China Sea. The U.S. Army recently conducted a joint exercise with the U.S. Marine Corps practicing raiding and seizing a small island in Japan’s southwest Ryukyu chain, and another with Filipino troops as part of the Philippines-hosted Balikatan exercise. In addition to training to seize small Pacific Islands, the U.S. Army is investing in long-range missiles and cannon and rocket artillery capable against both stationary land targets and ships at sea. In last summer’s Rim of the Pacific exercise the army fired land-based artillery rockets and anti-ship cruise missiles against a target hulk for the first time. The army is also working on advanced new long-range guided artillery shells that could be adapted for use against maneuvering ships. By 2023, the U.S. Army expects to have an artillery battalion kitted with extended range cannon artillery systems. Prototype tests have already achieved ranges of seventy kilometers, with accuracy out to 62 kilometers, roughly twice the range of the army’s current 155-millimeter cannons. Ultimately the army wants to push the effective range of its 155 mm artillery to 120 kilometers or more. These extended range artillery systems are in addition to the army’s Strategic Long Range Cannon program that hopes to achieve accurate ranges up to 1,000 kilometers, and which the U.S. Secretary of the Army has already mused could be fielded in support of the U.S. Navy against Chinese warships and shore-based missiles. Subscribe Now : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0IlEuu4TA9wq1u60tLMqBw?sub_confirmation=1 Facebook: https://facebook.com/USMilitaryNewsVideos Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/militaryvideos_ Twitter:
Navy ships sail through Bosphorus Strait to rejoin Black Sea fleet
 
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Two Russian ships returned to Istanbul's Bosphorus Strait on Tuesday to join their fleet in the Black Sea. The naval vessels- called "Novocherkassk"and "Georgypobedonosets" crossed the Bosphorus on Tuesday morning. The Bosphorus Strait links Turkey's Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea, where the Crimean Peninsula is located. Formerly part of Ukraine, a recent referendum there resulted in the peninsula being annexed by Russia. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/12447f363f089a310cf598b3c78236f7 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 362 AP Archive
Russia holds military exercise in Black Sea
 
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The Russian naval and armed forces on Thursday staged joint military exercises in the Black Sea, on the coast of the Crimean peninsula. Crimea separated from Ukraine and voted to return to Russia in 2014 after the ousting of former President Viktor Yanukovich, which has dragged relations between Russia and the West to a low level. Subscribe to us on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/user/CCTVNEWSbeijing Download for IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download for Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cctvnewschina Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTVNEWS Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CCTVNEWSbeijing Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 674 CGTN
Russia: Black Sea Fleet test their readiness with explosive military drills in Crimea
 
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Russia’s Black Sea Fleet units held training on Saturday at the Crimean range on Opuk as a part of mass snap exercises. The drills are taking place in the Western, Southern and Central Military Districts, a huge area of Eurasia from Irkutsk in the east to St. Petersburg in the west, and Dagestan in the south to Murmansk, just above the Arctic Circle. Video ID: 20160827-013 Video on Demand: http://www.ruptly.tv Contact: [email protected] Twitter: http://twitter.com/Ruptly Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/Ruptly
Views: 12345 Ruptly
Taman Peninsula | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taman_Peninsula 00:00:22 History Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7116901895404881 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Taman Peninsula (Russian: Тама́нский полуо́стров, Tamanskiy poluostrov) is a peninsula in the present-day Krasnodar Krai of Russia, which borders the Sea of Azov to the North, the Strait of Kerch to the West and the Black Sea to the South.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Crimea, Russia || Vacation
 
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Just wanted to share this video when we went to Crimea. The waves made my day. Sooo beautiful. Crimea - is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. It is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson and west of the Russian region of Kuban. It is connected to Kherson Oblast by the Isthmus of Perekop and is separated from Kuban by the Strait of Kerch. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. Across the Black Sea to its west is Romania and to its south Turkey. Music: IN YOUR ARMS by Nicolai Heidlas Music https://soundcloud.com/nicolai-heidlas Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... Music promoted by Audio Library https://youtu.be/tkYNuH1UrSY ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Journey by Declan DP Music https://soundcloud.com/declandp Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported — CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... Music promoted by Audio Library https://youtu.be/zDVKg3riNGU -------------------------------------------------------------- LETTING GO by Nicolai Heidlas Music https://soundcloud.com/nicolai-heidlas Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... Music promoted by Audio Library https://youtu.be/3MIDmPMlbcg --------------------------------- Thanks you for watching guys!
Views: 155 Sharon Sueta
Walking Along The Black Sea in Sevastopol, Ukraine
 
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http://www.TravelsWithSheila.com Don't hesitate to join the crowds walking around Sevastopol's waterfront and streets. There are museums, stores, important historical monuments, restaurants, parks and beautiful women! Even I joined Steve to gawk at these tall, slender, beautiful, long-legged blondes and brunettes; so gorgeous! Along the waterfront is a mini-amusement park with rides, souvenir stalls, stands selling food (Hot dogs, ice cream), and carnival attractions. I almost bought one of the maritime hats being sold throughout Sevastopol as a souvenir like the one driver Yuri wore but then thought better of it. A fun break before the ship sailed for Yalta; a destination visited by millions of Ukrainians and Russians during the summer.
Views: 6844 Sheila Simkin
Ebro river Delta. Full Documentary
 
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▶FULL DOCUMENTARIES | http://planetdoc.tv/playlist-full-documentaries ▶ Spanish video: http://planetdoc.tv/documental-completo-el-delta-del-ebro On The North-East coast of Spain, the Mediterranean Sea collects the waters of the river with the greatest volume of water in all the Iberian Peninsular, the River Ebro. Year after year, thousands of tonnes of alluvial soil are transported by the river down to the estuary. Over the centuries, the sea has gradually lost ground and the original estuary has become a delta. Its privileged location, at the halfway point on the migratory routes of European birds and the diversity of its eco-systems have made it a real natural paradise for birds, a magical place halfway between the land and the sea. 70% of the bird species of Spain can be found in the Ebro Delta. The variety of its eco-systems means that you can find typical coastal species, riverbank species, lake birds and those that prefer terra firma. The most abundant are sea birds, but in the inland wetlands the queens are definitely the anatidae or duck family. There are continuous visits to these waters throughout the year. Many flocks arrive from Northern Europe escaping from the harsh winter. Others have their breeding-grounds here, so they do not appear until spring. This wealth of fauna would not be possible if the waters were not also full of life. This meeting of river and sea has given rise to a great diversity of habitats. The waters that are nearest to the river are fresh but as the coast becomes nearer the salt level rises. This variety is reflected in the fauna. In the Delta it is possible to find typical river species, sea species and even some that have adapted to both mediums. Of these there are two very rare species which in spite of their size are considered to be zoological treasures because of their uniqueness and their tiny population namely the Iberian toothcarp and the Spanish toothcarp. The only European colonies of these birds are in isolated parts of the South-East Spain. The abundance of life in these waters has not gone unnoticed. The Encanyissada and Tancada lagoons have been National Hunting Reserves since 1966. The fish supplies have also been tapped from ancient times and brotherhoods of fishermen already existed in the 12th Century. On the beaches, people catch donax clams, small molluscs that live in the sand and are very popular among the local people. The inland fields of the Delta are fertile thanks to the mud that the Ebro has deposited over the centuries. On the coast however, the vegetation has to withstand a very high salt level, poor soil that does not hold water and an almost constant wind. These factors make them unsuitable for cultivation and this has been their salvation. The immense majority of untouched land in the Delta is on the coast. The salt lagoons of the Ebro Delta are visited every year by a legendary bird. The ancient Egyptians believed it to be the phoenix, the creature that burnt itself to cinders only to arise from the ashes the next day. Its pink pigment, which was like fire or flama in Latin, gave rise to a legend and is the root of its name: the flamingo. The only places in Europe where flamingos breed regularly are in the Camargue in France, and the Laguna de Fuente de Piedra in Spain. They are really just passing through the Ebro Delta, a place of rest at the halfway point on their migratory routes.
Crimean peninsula,Ukraine
 
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Crimean peninsula,Ukraine-july 18-21-2009,my trip to Crimea on july 18-21 -2009,Sudak,Yalta,Rope road on the mountain of Ai-Petri,Black sea,Península de Crimea, Ucrania,クリミア半島、ウクライナ,Halbinsel Krim, Ukraine,克里米亞半島,烏克蘭,Крым,
Views: 3574 Nicholas Ugnivenko
RAW: Russian SU-24 aircraft flies past USS Ross in Black Sea
 
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Russian Su-24 aircraft flew past the USS Ross (DDG 71) while the ship was charting a course through the Black Sea May 30, Saturday. The US Navy ship was sailing international waters while the aircraft was flying through international airspace. Russian attack jets were sent to warn off the American warship USS Ross from near the country's territorial waters in the Black Sea, RIA reported, citing a military source. CREDIT: Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. 6th Fleet READ MORE: http://on.rt.com/rp5nkb RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to RT! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=RussiaToday Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/RTnews Follow us on Twitter http://twitter.com/RT_com Follow us on Instagram http://instagram.com/rt Follow us on Google+ http://plus.google.com/+RT Listen to us on Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/rttv RT (Russia Today) is a global news network broadcasting from Moscow and Washington studios. RT is the first news channel to break the 1 billion YouTube views benchmark.
Views: 63017 RT
Adélie Penguins Colony, Deception Island, Antarctic Peninsula, South Pole
 
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The Adélie penguin is a species of penguin common along the entire Antarctic coast, which is their only residence. They are among the most southerly distributed of all seabirds, as are the emperor penguin, the South Polar skua, the Wilson's storm petrel, the snow petrel, and the Antarctic petrel. They are named after Adélie Land, in turn named for the wife of French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville who discovered these penguins in 1840. The Adélie penguin is one of three species in the genus Pygoscelis. Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA evidence suggests the genus split from other penguins around 38 million years ago, about 2 million years after the ancestors of the genus Aptenodytes. In turn, the Adélie penguins split off from the other members of the genus around 19 million years ago. Based on a 2014 analysis of fresh guano-discolored coastal areas, there are 3.79 million breeding pairs of Adélie penguins in 251 breeding colonies, a 53 percent increase over a census completed 20 years earlier. The colonies are distributed around the coastline of the Antarctic land and ocean. Colonies have declined on the Antarctic Peninsula, but those declines have been more than offset by increases in East Antarctica. During the breeding season, they congregate in large breeding colonies, some over a quarter of a million pairs. Individual colonies can vary dramatically in size, and some may be particularly vulnerable to climate fluctuations. The Adélie penguins breed from October to February on shores around the Antarctic continent. Adélies build rough nests of stones. Two eggs are laid, these are incubated for 32 to 34 days by the parents taking turns (shifts typically last for 12 days). The chicks remain in the nest for 22 days before joining crèches. The chicks moult into their juvenile plumage and go out to sea after 50 to 60 days. These penguins are mid-sized, being 46 to 75 cm (18 to 30 in) in height and 3.6 to 6 kg (7.9 to 13.2 lb) in weight. Distinctive marks are the white ring surrounding the eye and the feathers at the base of the bill. These long feathers hide most of the red bill. The tail is a little longer than other penguins' tails. The appearance looks somewhat like a tuxedo. They are a little smaller than other penguin species. Their appearance is closest to the stereotypical image of penguins as mostly black with a white belly. Adélie penguins can swim up to 45 miles per hour (72 km/h). Adélie penguins are preyed on by leopard seals, skua, and occasionally, orcas. Specifics of their behaviour were documented extensively by Apsley Cherry-Garrard (a survivor of Robert Falcon Scott’s fateful final journey to the South Pole) in his book The Worst Journey in the World. Cherry-Garrard noted: "They are extraordinarily like children, these little people of the Antarctic world, either like children or like old men, full of their own importance". Certain displays of their selfishness were commented upon by George Murray Levick, a Royal Navy surgeon-lieutenant and scientist who also accompanied Scott on his ill-fated British Antarctic Expedition of 1910, during his surveying of penguins in the Antarctic: "At the place where they most often went in, a long terrace of ice about six feet in height ran for some hundreds of yards along the edge of the water, and here, just as on the sea-ice, crowds would stand near the brink. When they had succeeded in pushing one of their number over, all would crane their necks over the edge, and when they saw the pioneer safe in the water, the rest followed". The Adélie penguin is known to feed mainly on Antarctic krill, ice krill, Antarctic silverfish, sea krill and glacial squid (diet varies depending on geographic location) during the chick-rearing season. The stable isotope record of fossil eggshell accumulated in colonies over the last 38,000 years reveals a sudden change from a fish-based diet to krill that started two hundred years ago. This is most likely due to the decline of the Antarctic fur seal since the late 18th century and baleen whales in the 20th century. The reduction of competition from these predators has resulted in a surplus of krill, which the penguins now exploit as an easier source of food. Adélie penguins arrive at their breeding grounds in October or November, at the end of winter and the start of spring. Their nests consist of stones piled together. In December, the warmest month in Antarctica (about −2 °C or 28 °F), the parents take turns incubating the egg; one goes to feed and the other stays to warm the egg. The parent who is incubating does not eat. In March, the adults and their young return to the sea. The Adélie penguin lives on sea ice but needs the ice-free land to breed. With a reduction in sea ice, populations of the Adélie penguin have dropped by 65% over the past 25 years. Young Adélie penguins who have no experience in social interaction may react to false cues when the penguins gather to breed.
Views: 2662 Pietro Pecco
Nessebar
 
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a stroll around the Nessebar peninsula , just to the south of Sunny Beach in Bulgaria on the Black sea coast
Views: 30 Graham Fitzjohn